Chapter Tasks

Chapter Three

1 At the beginning of this chapter little girls and boys are being encouraged to play
sexual games. Explain why this and what consequences it has.
2 a) Compare the view of sex in the World State to the one in our present society.
b) To what extent do you think that what is said about Freud’s findings on p. 36,
ll. 1–7 is valid?
c) State whether it is possible to achieve a balanced sexuality, or whether taboos
are necessary.
3 Explain what Henry Ford meant when he said, ‘History is bunk’ (p. 32, l. 3).
To what extent would you say that history is indeed bunk in your own life?
4 Analyse the role of consumption as described on p. 22, ll. 2–24 and p. 28, ll. 15–22.
5 In this chapter we are introduced to two characters who seem to be out of step
with the perfection of the World State. Evaluate what is different about them.
What might this say about this utopian world?
6 Chapter Three makes it clear that the narrator is neutral as well as omniscient.
Can you show this in the text?
7 At the end of Chapter Three the narration shifts increasingly rapidly between
the various conversations and the hypnopaedic sayings. What is the point
of this unusual technique?

Chapter Four
Tasks 1 Contrast Bernard’s and Lenina’s understanding of personal relationships.
2 In your opinion, after whom is Benito Hoover named? How appropriate is his name,
and why do you think Huxley choose it for this character?
3 Describe London in the World State.
4 Lenina says she is happy not to be a Gamma (p. 55, l. 7). Explain her position
and her thoughts about this.
5 Explain what makes Bernard unhappy.
6 Explain what makes Helmholtz unhappy.
7 How close is the friendship between Bernard and Helmholtz?
8 State your own personal opinion about Bernard.

Chapter 5:

  1. * To what extent would you say that Huxley's description of the Westminster Abbey Cabaret is prophetic? Point out similarities to such venues in the modern world.
  2. * Lenina has some doubts about the system. Explain what they are and discuss her solution to the problem.
  3. * Analyze the Solidarity Service as a satire on religion, pointing out which elements of a Christian service are used.
  4. * What does the Solidarity Service say about the needs of individuals and society even in a future utopian world?
  5. * What concept of 'the Greater Being' comes across in the chapter? Would you describe this being as God?
  6. * Why is Bernard not happy at the orgy-porgy, although he participates completely in its rituals?
  7. * Whose point of view seems dominant in Chapter Five?
  8. * Lenina takes all necessary contraceptive precautions. Why is natural pregnancy such a taboo in the World State? Why is pregnancy still possible?
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